Implementation of Phonics
Phonics in the Early Years
Sunflowers and Bluebells:
Reading skills begin as soon as children can hear and disseminate different sounds in their environment, this is known as Phase One.
Children listen to stories every day and learn and join in with nursery rhymes. They play and explore with musical instruments and listen carefully to different sounds in both the indoor and outdoor environments. They listen to rhyming stories and play rhyming games. It is here where children begin to listen for the first sound in the word and play games like I- spy to support this. They also begin to clap syllables in their names and break words up by robot talking. All these skills support them as they progress as early readers.
Children begin learning grapheme (letter(s))- phoneme (sound) correspondences as soon as they start reception.
Children are supported to blend (for reading) and segment (for spelling) sounds in words through daily phonics lessons. As soon as children have enough knowledge of the first set of sounds, they will be given a phonetically decodable reading book every Friday, which they should read at home three times a week.
Attachment of phonics GPC progression
Some words are not phonetically decodable, these words are known as “harder to read and spell words”. Each week, children will be introduced to these along with new sounds. These words will also appear in their reading books. Children are expected to know these words by sight rather than attempting to sound them out.
Attachment of harder to read and spell words
Children will become more confident and independent throughout the year and we aim for all children to leave Reception having a secure grasp of phase 1-4 phonics. Children apply their knowledge through purposeful, exciting, real and relevant reading and writing opportunities.
Phonics in Key Stage One
Having been taught the most common graphemes (phase 3), the children are now ready to be introduced to alternative spellings for the different sounds. E.g ai, ay, a-e.
Phonics continues daily following the same structure as the children are used to from Reception. Books continue to go home on a Friday and are matched to the children’s next steps in their phonics.
Attachment of phonics GPC progression for Year One
Attachment of harder to read and spell words- Year One
In June, all children take part in a statutory phonics screening check. Here they read 40 words which include graphemes (letter or groups of letters making a sound). 20 words are pseudo/ alien words and 20 are real words, this check supports staff to identify gaps and next steps as children progress into year two.
Attached Phonics screening check information for parents